The Capétiens Direct [987-1328]
The Capétiens [987-1715]
The Capétiens Direct [987-1328]
Hugues Capet [987-996]
Son of Hugh the Great;
elected King of France in
In 987, the direct possessions of the king were limited to a part of Île-de-France. The rest of France had been given to the great Lords in return for their service to the king.
Hugues Capet was crowned by the Bishop of Reims in a ceremony that named him the inheritor of Salomon and provided him with an elevated stature with respect to his lords. The
Capétiens Dynasty, that
he founded, lasted until 1328.
Robert II, the Wise/Pious [996-1031]
Henri I [1031-1060] Son of Robert II.
Map of France, Circa 1032
Philippe I, the Fair [1060-1108]
Son of Henri I; During Philippe's reign, in 1066, England was invaded by the Normans under
William the Conqueror [also see]. By 1087, the conquest was completed. The
Bayeux tapestry, which dates to 1077, depicts William steering his ship to England. The first Crusade took place in 1096. In circa 1100, the epic poem Chanson de Roland was written.
the Fat [1108-1137]
Son of Philippe; The first strong Capetien, along with his son
Louis VII, ruled; In 1115, Saint Bernard founded the Cistercian Abbey at Clairvaux. The Gothic style of architecture is said to have been born, between 1120 and 1140, with the rebuilding of the Abbey of St-Denis.
Louis VII, the Young [1137-1180]
Son of Louis VI; Wed and then repudiated
Eleonore of Aquitaine; The Anglo-Norman dynasty, the Angevin Empire, began in 1154 with
Henry Plantagenet, an Anjou Count, becoming King Henry II of England.
Philippe II Augustus [1180-1223]
Son of Louis VII; Crowned at Reims; In 1180,
Artois passed to Philippe; At the battle of Bouvines, 1204 he
captured Normandy and
Poitou-Charents; 1214, Philippe Augustus began his drive to rid France of the English; He attempted an alliance with
Henry II's son John to depose Henry but
Eleanor of Aquitaine prevented John's perticipation; Philippe adopted the fleur-de-lys emblem.
Louis VIII, the Lion [1223-1226]
Son of Philippe II; Married
Blanche of Castille. He continued the
reconquest of Poitou-Charants started by Philippe II.
Louis IX, the Saint [1226-1270] In 1229, Louis IX aquired the eastern part of the
Country of Toulouse and in 1234, he bought the
Country of Blois. In 1237 he made
Artois a country. He built the town of
Aigues-Mortes in 1248 as an embarkation port for the Crusades.
He was captured in Egypt in 1250. The
1259 Treaty of Paris, between Louis IX and Henry III of England, made Henry the vassal of Louis for both Guyenne and Gascony. He led the Eighth Crusade in 1270 and died, with most of his army, of plague in Tunis; Canonized in 1297 as Saint Louis; In 1259,
Anjou, Maine, Normandy and Poitou were acquired from England.
Philippe III, the Hardy [1270-1285] Son of Louis IX. He began the fortification of
Philippe IV, the Handsome [1285-1314]
Son of Philippe III; King at 17; Perfected the administration; In 1309, Philippe established the Avignon Papacy, causing the papal schism where two Popes, living in Avignon, vied for supremacy until 1377. Philippe IV continued the work on the fortifications at
Louis X, the Headstrong [1314-1316] Son of Philippe IV. He had been the Count of Champagne and when he became king,
Champagne became a part of France.
Jean I [Lived 4 days in 1316]
Posthumous son of Louis X.
Philippe V, the Tall [1316-1322] Brother of Louis X.
Charles IV, the Handsome [1322-1328]
3rd son of Philippe IV; Brother of Louis X; Died without male offspring.
The Valois [1328-1498]
The Valois-Orléans [1498-1515]
The Valois-Angoulême [1515-1589]
The Bourbons [1589-1715]